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Youthful Skin is All About Cellular Turnover

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Cellular turnover happens naturally.  It is the process of shedding dead skin cells that are then replaced with fresh, new, younger, healthier cells.

Skin cells start out plump and full of moisture in the bottom layer of the epidermis (one of the outer layers of the skin).  As the cells mature they rise through the compact layers of the epidermis becoming flatter and drier until they reach the surface of the skin. By this point, the cells are nothing more than dry flakes of keratin protein waiting to be shed. How quickly or slowly this process occurs has to do with several factors, including age, environment, UV exposure, hormones, the foods that we eat, and whether or not you smoke.

Age is the biggest factor.  The longer the cell turnover cycle takes, the more the dead cells are left to build up on the surface of the skin.  The proliferation of cellular debris makes skin look heavy, dry, and dull.  The dead cells clog and stretch pores, making them appear larger and more pronounced. They trap oil and bacteria in the pores which can lead to breakouts. That is why it is not uncommon to see acne well past your teen years. Lines and wrinkles appear deeper as the dead skin cells build up around them.  Patches of excess pigment – age spots or hyperpigmentation – appear darker.

Increasing cell turnover is the way to smoother skin texture and a more even tone. The prerequisite to radiance. Essential to maintaining healthier skin.

With age, the cells simply aren’t regenerating as quickly as they did in our youth.  That means fewer new cells are pushing toward the surface.  This is where retinol comes in.  Vitamin A works to speed the process of cell turnover, and it also acts as a cell regulator signaling the production of collagen and elastin.

Retinol puts the whole process in fast forward!

Exfoliation is the key to boosting cell turnover,  whether with physical scrubs or chemical acids.  Exfoliation removes dead skin cells and encourages a generation of new cells.  While the processes of exfoliation and cell turnover are similar, exfoliation only happens with said tools – scrubs or chemicals.

Another way to think of it is that exfoliation can help increase the natural process of cellular turnover.

Ingredients such as Retinol, Alpha Hydroxy (AHA), and Salicylic Acid (BHA) all help the cellular turnover process.

Kiki Skin and Body Spa offer many products and treatments to expedite cellular turnover to reveal what is waiting to appear on the surface of your skin. Glow on!